Afghan Biographies

Eng. Muhammad Khan

Name Eng. Muhammad Khan
Ethnic backgr. Pashtun
Date of birth 1952
Function/Grade First Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Afghanistan CEO
History and Biodata

1. First Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Afghanistan CEO:
Engineer Mohammad Khan (20141000)

2. Previous Functions:

electrical engineer.
head of the central office of Kabul
Hezb-e Islami party he held different positions
Wolesi Jirga Member (2005)
First Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Afghanistan CEO (20141000)
3. Biodata:

Engineer Khial Mohammad Khan was born 1952 in the district of Qara Bagh of Ghazni province into a farming family. He did his primary education in Jamran school in Qarabagh district of Ghazni province and his secondary education in Sultan Mahmoud in the same district. He then joined the Teacher’s College of Gardez from where he entered Kabul University. He obtained his under-graduate degree in electrical engineering in 1355. In 1365 he was assigned at the Gereshk electric plant as an electrical engineer. He was appointed in charge of the jihad in Kabul by Hezb-e Islami, under the leadership of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and after 18 months, for a second time, lived in Quetta, Baluchistan and Peshawar, in Pakistan. Muhammad Khan, during the time of his residency in Pakistan, was in charge of refugees, was deputy in charge of intelligence, and finance.

Potentially more serious is Muhammad Khan’s record in Peshawar. (1981-1992) When asked about his work in intelligence there, he said, “Our job was [firstly] to foil plots against Hezb-e Islami and the other was to identify infiltrators from KhAD [Afghan state intelligence] inside the [fighting] fronts.” He also said they were responsible for “ensuring the security of all Hezb-e Islami officers in Pakistan and relations with the [Afghan] army, police and intelligence [understood as encouraging defection and gathering intelligence].”

Later, for a second time, he was in charge of refugees. With the victory of the mujahedin in 1371, he was engaged as a member of the commission of the finance minister with Muhammad Karim Khalili.

With the success of the Taleban, Muhammad Khan became marginal in political activism, but after the defeat of the Taleban in 2001, he was voted in as an MP for Ghazni in the parliament.

In the first parliament (2005), he was in charge of the communication commission. In the second parliament (2010), he stood as a candidate for Kabul but was not able to garner [enough] votes.

In the past years, his family has had hostile relations with the Taleban and his brother, Naqibullah, along with several other members of his family were killed by the Taleban. About a year ago, Muhammad Khan’s young daughter was the target of some stray bullets and was killed.

In their executive council, the Hezb-e Islami decided to present Mohammad Khan as the first running-mate to Dr. Abdullah Abdullah in the Reform and Partnership team in the 1393/2014 election.


Speaking at an event in Kabul, Engineer Muhammad Khan criticized the delay of the formation of a Cabinett and urged both the president and the CEO to name their picks soon.(20141228)

Abdul Hadi Arghandiwal, Engineer Mohammad Khan and Dr Basir Anwar members of Hizb-e-Islami  were dismissed after holding a recent meeting. They were dismissed because they had relations with other parties and worked against the goal and demands of Hizb-e-Islami.
Arghandiwal is the leader of Hizb-i-Islami Afghanistan and worked for the ministry of economy. Khan is currently the first deputy for the National Unity Government’s (NUG) CEO Abdullah Abdullah. Anwar is currenty working as the Minister of Justice.(20180314)

Last Modified 2018-03-14
Established 2014-11-08