|History and Biodata
Anti-Corruption Commission Members:
sworn in for six years (20201122)
Humayoon Hamid, Humayun Hamid Managing Director at a Court in Kabul
Mrs. Maryam Zurmati, civil society activist , governmental employee
Abdul Qayum Nezami, Abdul Qayyum Urmati, technical adviser for UN-HABITAT
sworn in for three years (20201122)
Syed Sayed Mohammad Hashemi, Hashimi
Mrs. Farokh Laqaa, Farruk Laqa
Ahead of the Geneva Donor Conference (20201123 / 24) President Ashraf Ghani on 20201112 signed a decree approving the formation of an independent anti-corruption commission. Ensuring strict neutrality and providing credible communications to public concerns will be the responsibility of the Anti-Corruption Commissionand the High Council for Rule of Law and Anti-corruption, with support from the Civil Service Commission and the Attorney General‟s Office.
In line with the new Anti-Corruption Law, an independent Anti-Corruption Commission should be established. Once set up, it should function as a corruption prevention body in line with Article 6 of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC). The commission is tasked with general corruption prevention measures, development and oversight of the Anti-Corruption Strategy approved by the High Council, as well as research, awareness-raising and training. It is also mandated to receive information on corruption offences and refer them to the competent authorities and to propose anti-corruption legislation and measures to counter corrupt practices in institutions. The commission will also collect and register asset declarations of government staff and high-ranking officials after this function is transferred to it within twelve months of its establishment.
The commission’s broad mandate overlaps with those of several other institutions and officials, including that of the Deputy Attorney General for Anti-Corruption, the Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC), the Office for Asset Registration and Verification, and the Special Secretariat under the High Council. According to the 2019 UNAMA report, “this is a result of the drafting history of the law and a somewhat inconsistent approach to anti-corruption reforms.”