Afghan Biographies

Dasht i Archi District Kunduz Province


Name Dasht i Archi District Kunduz Province
Ethnic backgr.
Date of birth
Function/Grade District Chief District Police Chief Head district ALP unit
History and Biodata

District under Taliban control (20100420)

Dasht-i-Archi District Dasht-e-Archi District Chief (District Governor):
Muhalim Juma Khan (20091109),
Nazar Mohammad (20130427),
Shiekh Shaikh Sheikh Shekh Sadruddin Sikh Sadudin Shaikh Sardroddin (20091201, 20100722, 20110502, 20121009, 20130508), killed by suicide bomber (20130830)
Nasruddin Khan Nasruddin Sayedi Nasrudin Sahdi (20140810, 20150312). Nasruddin Saidi, has taken over from his father, late Sheikh Sadruddin, a former jihadi commander linked to Jamiat who was killed in 2013. He is a Jamiati Uzbek.
Nasruddin Nazari (20180428)

Police Chief:
Col. Noor Khan (killed 20090811), he was the brother of Kunduz governor Eng. Muhammad Omar.
Hamid Agha (20130426, 20140505)
Head of the district ALP unit in Archi:
Commander Nasrullah (20160
 

Background:
District Ethnic Composition - 45% Pashtun, - 40% Uzbek and - 15% Tajik. In this district, the Taleban have established quasi-total dominance over the population, exploiting long-standing grievances of the Pashtun majority against a mafia-like Uzbek elite, who hold the important positions in the district. Dasht-e Archi comprises a majority of Pashtuns and minorities of Uzbeks and Turkmen. A group of Uzbeks and Turkmen from the Qarloq area, mainly affiliated to the Jamiat-e Islami and Jombesh parties, monopolised power and resources at the expense of Pashtuns but also members of their own ethnic groups. For years, they controlled decision-making, access to irrigation water, recruitment of the Afghan National Police and the Afghan Local Police programme as well as holding key positions, such as that of district governor or police chief. This created tensions between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have-nots.’ These tensions were exacerbated by widespread discriminatory practices, corruption and client-patron relationships that characterised the local administration. As a result, as the ALP chief put it, “the people reject the government as a whole.” Meanwhile, most regular and ALP policemen have abandoned their posts. According to ALP Chief Mullah Akhtar, they sell their weapons and ammunition to the Taleban shadow district governor, who, he says, has set up a weapons-trading business between Archi and Helmand, the most important battleground for the Taleban in the south of the country. This makes Archi the most fertile breeding and training ground for the Taleban in the Afghan north.(20160818)
 

Most of the Taleban fighters in Dasht-e Archi are locals. A small number of outsiders from neighbouring Takhar operate alongside them. They are called in when there is a need for reinforcements during larger operations, after which they return to their original posts. 

Apart from the local Taleban, there is another active group of insurgents in the district, Jabha-ye Qariha (the front of the qaris, those who have memorised and can recite the Quran by heart). It is the military wing of Jundullah (Army of God), an independent group, although allied with the Taleban. Jundullah follows its own radical ideology, largely ignoring the local culture, in contrast to the Taleban permission and respect for local elders and their system of traditional mediation, carried out on a number of issues. Initially, this front was established by Qari Aminullah Tayeb, an Uzbek from Rustaq district in Takhar province in 2013. Most of its fighters are from non-Pashtun communities such as the Uzbeks, Tajiks and Arabs. It consists of 100 to 120 religiously educated, young, radical fighters. 

Jabha-ye Qariha is based in Shahrwan, an area about 15 kilometres northwest of Dasht-e Archi’s district centre. Late Taleban shadow governor Salaam was able to ensure their alliance with the Taleban and prevented them joining the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, whose remnants are now mostly allied with the Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISKP). Jundullah currently fights under the local Pashtun Taleban’s command in the northeast of the district and follows the shadow Taleban governor’s instructions. After Aminullah Tayeb’s appointment as the shadow Taleban governor for Takhar in 2015, the front’s leadership was taken over by Mullah Qader, an Uzbek from Khwaja Ghar district in Takhar province. The Taleban and the local population respect the group because all its members are religiously well-educated. This gives the front credibility when it comes to religious values and their interpretation. 

Jabha-ye Qariha is playing a significant role when it comes to youth radicalisation. The front encourages and mobilises madrassa students to fight against government forces in Dasht-e Archi in its ranks and provides recruits with military training in its Shahrwan stronghold. Apart from Dasht-e Archi, Jabha-ye Qariha also operates in some of Takhar’s northern districts that border Dasht-e Archi, such as Khwaja Ghar and Dasht-e Qala. (20190228)


The Taleban’s shadow government for Dasht-e Archi comprises: 

  • Mullah Zulfiqar: Taleban’s shadow district governor for Dasht-e Archi. He is originally from Takhar province but stays in Dasht-e Archi; 
  • Mawlawi Naser Khaksar: Taleban’s head of education committee, originally from Dasht-e Archi;
  • Mawlawi Musa: head of the judicial committee, originally from Dasht-e Archi;
  • Mawlawi Awaz: head of the military committee, originally from Dasht-e Archi;
  • Mawlawi Kaber: head of the public outreach committee, originally from Dasht-e Archi;
  • Mawlawi Neyaz Muhammad: head of the finance committee, originally from Dasht-e Archi.(20190228)

 

Last Modified 2019-02-28
Established 2009-11-26