Afghan Biographies

Alipur Alipour Alipoor

Name Alipur Alipour Alipoor
Ethnic backgr. Hazara
Date of birth
Function/Grade Hazara Militia Commander
History and Biodata

3. Biodata:
Alipur Alipour aka "Commander Sword" (Commander Shamsher, Qomandan Shamsher) is accused of serious human rights abuses, was arrested in a Hazara area of western Kabul, where a spate of suicide attacks by the radical Sunni Islamic State group has fed anger at perceived government indifference to violence against Hazaras. Despite the accusations against him, Alipur has enjoyed the support of powerful Hazara leaders. He also remains popular with many in the mainly Shi’ite Hazara community who see him as a Robin Hood-style figure who defends his people while the government stands by.


His paramilitary group is known for operating in Ghor Wardak and Daykundi provinces. It participated in recent fighting in Ghazni. Has a strong support among Hazara minority. (20181125)

The Office of Second Vice President Sarwar Danish on late Monday, Nov 26, 2018 confirmed that commander Alipoor has been released from the detention of NDS, following the two-day violent protest in the capital Kabul. “He [Alipoor] is currently at the office of Second Vice President along with a number of tribal elders,” the office confirmed in a statement.(20181127)


A standoff over militia commander Alipur in Ghor Province who has defied attempts to arrest him has highlighted tensions over President Ashraf Ghani’s crackdown on local strongmen operating outside central government control.

On Oct 10, 2018, security forces arrived in Lal Sar Jangal, a district in the remote and largely lawless province of Ghor, to arrest Alipur, a commander from the mainly Shi’ite Hazara minority accused of serious human rights abuses.

Their arrival set off a gunbattle that killed four police and eight civilians. Alipur, known as “Commander Sword”, escaped but a few days later reappeared in Wardak province, west of Kabul, holding a defiant rally of hundreds of supporters.

Deputy interior ministry spokesman Nasrat Rahimi called Alipur a “criminal, a highwayman and a killer” and said: “The government will continue to hunt him.”

The case has echoes of Nizamuddin Qaisari, an ethnic Uzbek militia commander in northern Faryab province close to Vice President Rashid Dostum, who was also accused of serious abuses. His arrest in July 2018 set off violent protests across northern provinces.

Mohammad Mohaqeq, a powerful Hazara leader, said Alipur was “commander of the people’s uprising force” and called the attempted arrest, “an excuse to expand the conflict in Hazara communities”.

A senior government official said Alipur took up arms and created a small, mainly Hazara force in Wardak years ago after several incidents in which Sunni militants stopped cars on the highway and killed Hazaras.

In revenge, his men would stop cars and target Pashtuns, accusing them of aiding the Taliban or anti-Shi’ite militant groups, the official said.(20181010)


Last Modified 2019-10-16
Established 2018-11-25