Afghan Biographies


Ethnic backgr.
Date of birth
Function/Grade Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission names
History and Biodata

AIHRC Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission as of 20130619:

Rafi Firdaus, spokesman for the Administrative Affairs Department at the Presidential Palace said Karzai had appointed some new commissioners through issuing a decree.
Seema Samar
Spokesman Spokesperson:
Rafiullah Bedar Rafiullah Bidar Dr. Rafi Ullah Bedar (20140128) also mentioned as head of the AIHRC in the eastern region.(2013.04.11)


1. Farid Hamidi,

2. Syed Ahmad Zia Langari,

3. Dr. Suraya Subh Rang,

4. Maulvi Adul Rahman Hotak Mawlawi Abdul Rahman Hotak, is said to have previously worked for the Taliban claimed the Civil Society and Human Rights Network (CSHRN) He said he had not been a Taliban fighter, just an editor of a newspaper published in Kandahar during the Taliban era. Hotak was working in a newspaper ( TOLO-e-Afghan ) in Kandahar province, after the Taliban came to Kabul, he worked in the Transport Ministry. After that, he was imprisoned in Bagram prison and then released. During President Karzai's era, he became a member of the Ulema Council.(20130627)

5. Mrs. Qadriya Yezdan Parast, Qadria Yazdanparast is a lawyer. During the presidency of Burhanuddin Rabbani, she headed the institute for women that preceded the Ministry of Women’s Affairs. She has a Jamiat-e-Islami background and also was a member of the 2005–2010 parliament where she chaired the human rights committee of the lower house.(20130627)

6. Wahidullah Arghun, Wahidudin Arghun has been an AIHRC staff member for many years. He was initially in charge of the Transitional Justice section in Kunduz and, for the last six years, served as the head of office in Badakhshan. He graduated from the Law Faculty in Kabul University and was deputy head of the prestigious Isteqlal High School during the Rabbani government.(20130627)

7. Ayub Asil, General Ayub Asil Mangal is from Paktia, has studied at the Police Academy in Kabul and also abroad. He served from 2004 to 2012 as a member of Independent Electoral Commission, has been a lecturer at the Faculty of Law at Kabul University and has worked at the Ministry of Interior.(20130627)

8. Mrs. Alam Nuristani, Hawa Alam Nuristani, who is currently a member of the High Peace Council. She was a Pashto news presenter for the Afghan state-run television station, RTA, and the head of the Department of Communications and Publications at the Ministry of Women’s Affairs. She was a member of Wolesi Jirga between 2005 and 2010, but failed to get re-elected.(20130627)

Mariam Zurmati, commissioner at the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission (20151206)

Civil society and human rights activists have been urging Karzai to appoint independent and experienced human rights experts to fill vacancies on the AIHRC.


Chairperson, Deputy and Commissioners AIHRC
(as of 20101125):
Dr. Sima Samar, Chair,
(Mr. Ahmad Fahim Hakim, Deputy Chair, mandate had expired on 16 December 2011 and has not been extended.)

(1. Mr. Ahmad Nader Nadery, mandate had expired on 16 December 2011 and has not been extended.)
2. Mr. Mohammad
3. Farid Hamidi,
4. Mohammad Musa Mahmoodi, Mohammad Musa Mahmoudi (20130304)
5. Dr. Soraya Sobhrang,
6. Mr. Ahmad Zia Langari,
(7. Mr. Abdul Karim Azizi,  had been removed by the commission (20121010))
(8. Mr. Gholam Mohammad Gharib, mandate had expired on 16 December 2011 and has not been extended.)

Ms. Hamida Barmaki (killed 20110128)

Commission Members

Dr. Sima Samar,

Chairperson Commissioner Dr. Sima Samar is a well known woman’s and human rights advocate and activist within national and international forums. Since 1994, Dr. Samar has received various international awards on women’s rights, human rights, democracy, and women for peace. Dr. Samar served as the first Deputy Chair and Minister of Women’s Affairs in the Interim Administration of Afghanistan. Before chairing the Commission, she was elected as the Vice Chair of the Emergency Loya Jirga. She was appointed as the Chair of the AIHRC by Mr. Karzai, Chairman of the Afghanistan Interim Administration.

Ahmad Fahim Hakim

Commissioner Fahim Hakim is a qualified social, development and human rights advocate. He enjoys 20 years of experience of working as a grass-root peace builder and advocate for community empowerment and human rights. Before joining the AIHRC, he was director and founding member of Co-operation for peace and Unity (CPAU), as Afghan network for peace. AS an active member of Afghan civil society, he attended the Bonn Conference in 2001. Mr. Hakim completed his MA studies at PRDU, the University of York, York, UK, in 1998. In 2009, he was a commissioner and member of the Electoral complaints Commission (ECC) to deal with challenges and complaints related to presidential and provincial council's elections.

Ahmad Nader Nadery

Ahmad Nader Nadery is a Commissioner at the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission. He represented Afghan Civil Society at the UN peace talks for Afghanistan in the Bonn Conference 2001. Mr. Nadery works also as the Chairperson of Fair and Free Election Foundation of Afghanistan, he is a member of advisory board to Open Society Institute (OSI) Afghanistan programs. He has written extensively on politics and human rights in Afghanistan and is a member of Board of Editors of the Oxford Journal on Transitional Justice. He served as Spokesperson for the national grand assembly (Loya Jerga) in 2002. Prior to his appointment at the AIHRC he worked as country director for the international human rights law group (Global Rights). Mr. Nadery won several international awards and was recognized as an "Asian Hero" by Time Magazine in 2004. He was also a 21 Young Asia Leader's fellow with the Asia Society and is a member of it's international council . The World Economic Forum recognized Mr. Nadery as Young Global Leader (YGL) in 2008. He studied law and political sciences at the Kabul University and earned his masters degree on International Affairs from George Washington University.

Mohammad Farid Hamidi

Commissioner Farid Hamidi is a well-known lawyer with extensive experience on criminology and investigation. He had attended various national and international conferences and events relevant to human rights promotion and protection. Before joining the Commission, Mr. Hamidi was member of the Emergency Loya Jirga and responsible for developing rules and regulation for election. He has worked closely with the Judicial Reform Commission in the training of lawyers and judges on international human rights law and standards.

Hamida Barmaki (killed 20110128)

Commissioner Hamida Barmaki is associate Professor of private law at Faculty of Law and Political Sciences of Kabul University. She is graduated from Faculty of Law and Political Sciences of Kabul University and has obtained Master Degree on Development, Innovation and Change from Bologna University, Italy. She worked as Country Representative of Max Planck German Institute and IIPEC French Institute in Kabul and as head of Law and Political Science department of National Center for Policy Research of Kabul University. She is the author of booklets in Women’s Rights in Islam and Afghan laws and member of women’s council of Kabul University. She worked as Legal Advisor of AREU, deputy dean of Faculty of Law and Political Sciences and was the member of Emergency Loya Jerga.

Dr. Soraya Sobhrang

Commissioner Dr. Soraya Rahim Sobhrang is a well known women’s and human rights advocate and activist. Before joining the AIHRC, she was Technical and Political Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Women’s Affairs. In 2005, she worked as an advisor for the women’s rights protection and development unit of Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, where later on, in Jan 2007 she was selected as a Commissioner. Besides having membership in national and international societies, Dr. Sobhrang has participated in several national and international conferences.

Ahmad Zia Langari

Commissioner Zia Langari has been, as an activist, involved in human rights activities since 1991. He worked in senior positions with national and international NGOs working for awareness raising and human rights programs. He attended several national and regional forums. A well-known human rights activist and advocate, before joining the Commission he worked in senior positions with CCA, an Afghan NGO mandated for human rights protection and promotion.

Mr. Abdul Karim Azizi

Commissioner Abdul Karim Azizi is a well known educator with extensive experiences in field of education from curricula development and writing mathematics textbooks for primary schools to writing training manual for educators and Primary schools. Mr. Azizi possess a BSc Degree from faculty of science of Kabul University and MA Degree in education from University of Georgia, USA. Commissioner Mr. Azizi has diverse experiences of working with government offices, UNICEF-Kabul, and international organizations in Afghanistan. Before joining the AIHRC, Mr. Azizi was co-manager for a project for Strengthening  of Teachers Education Program (STEP) funded by Japan International Cooperation Association in Kabul.

Moulawee Ghulam Mohamad Ghareb

Mawlawi Ghulam Mohamad Gharib was born in Maroaf district of Kandahar Province 1948. He did get his primary Islamic education in Kandahar city; in 1973 he went to Karachi city of Pakistan and got his degree in Feqa and Feta. In time of Mouqawamat he was deputy for justice minister. In transitional government he was appointed director in Haj and Owqaf ministry. In 2004 he was leader of Kandahar clergy association. In Dec 2006 he was appointed commissioner of Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission.





Mohammad Musa Mahmodi Mohammad Musa Mahmoodi

is the Executive Director of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC). He is a committed Human Rights activist and lawyer with over 10 years of experience in the field of promotion and protection of human rights in Afghanistan. He has worked as Director of Bamyan Regional Office of the AIHRC and Deputy Country Director of National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI) in Afghanistan. Mohammad Musa Mahmodi is also a board member of the Free and Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan (FEFA). He holds a law degree from Kabul University and earned his MPA and MAIR from Maxwell School of Syracuse University, USA.

Mr. Musa Mahamodi's E-mail:

Last Modified 2015-12-08
Established 2010-11-25