Afghan Biographies

Haqqani, Jalaluddin


Name Haqqani, Jalaluddin
Ethnic backgr. Pashtun
Date of birth 1950
Function/Grade Haqqani Network Head
History and Biodata

3. Biodata:
haqqani_jalaluddinMawlawi Jalaluddin Haqqani was born 1950 in Afghanistan. He belongs to the Jadran, a Pashtun tribe from Paktia province.

Respectfully known as “Maulavi Haqqani” to his followers, Jalaluddin Haqqani is the head of what Western intelligence agencies call, the “Haqqani Network”.

Haqqani earned a formidable reputation as a military commander in the 1979-1989 anti-Soviet jihad and had close links with Pakistani, US and Saudi intelligence agencies, making him one of the better armed commanders in the anti-Soviet jihad. A fluent Arabic speaker, Haqqani has long-standing ties to Arab mujahideen volunteers and the essentially Arab-led al Qaeda networks. The first al Qaeda bases in Afghanistan were built on territory controlled by Haqqani and he was instrumental in channelling Saudi funds for the anti-Soviet resistance.

Although he is not one of the founding members of the Taliban, he switched allegiance to the movement in 1995 just before the Taliban capture of Kabul and served in senior positions in the Taliban defence administration, particularly in the northern war against the Northern Alliance commander, Ahmed Shah Masood.

Following the 2001 fall of the Taliban, he moved to the tribal areas along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border.

In the current insurgency against NATO and Afghan President Hamid Karzai’s government, the Haqqani network has been responsible for some of the deadliest attacks in Kabul, including the coordinated Feb. 2009 attacks targeting the Afghan Justice Ministry, the July 2008 Indian Embassy bombings and the Jan. 2010 coordinated attacks on Afghan ministries and a Kabul luxury hotel, according to Afghan security officials.

While Haqqani is an Afghan Pashtun, he has not had a strong base inside Afghanistan, but has led the insurgency from the Waziristan area in Pakistan’s lawless tribal zones. In recent years, Afghan security officials say he has reached agreements with local Taliban commanders in the provinces surrounding Kabul, from where some of the high-profile attacks on the Afghan capital were launched.

Haqqani’s close ties to Pakistan’s ISI intelligence service have been a source of friction between Washington and Islamabad, according to several US news reports. US military officials say Pakistani forces are reluctant to move against Haqqani and that the Afghan warlord still has close ties to some ISI elements. Pakistan denies the charges.

A 2008 DVD put out by the Haqqani network showed the aging commander in poor health and apparently suffering from Parkinson’s disease. The operations of the group are increasingly being run by his son, Sirajuddin Haqqani. Jaluluddin Haqqani died in 2014 from an illness and was buried in Afghanistan's southeastern province of Khost near the border with Pakistan.(20150801)

Despite its distinct origins and its separate links to the outside world, to sponsors in the Gulf region and old allies in Pakistan, which allowed it to retain a certain autonomy of action, the Haqqani network is an integral part of the Taleban movement and not an entity, or even organisation, apart from it. In the broader Taleban movement which is a network of networks, the Haqqanis’ is just one its biggest and certainly its most well-known one.(20120923)
 

Since last summer (2015), Sirajuddin Haqqani has been instrumental in reconciling differences among Taliban commanders, who balked at recognizing Mullah Akhtar Mansoor as the supreme Taliban chief following the announcement that the insurgency's reclusive leader, Mullah Mohammad Omar, was dead. As soon as Mansoor became leader, he announced that he had named Haqqani as his deputy. Haqqani quickly set about uniting the fractured Taliban, first by bringing Mullah Omar's son, Mullah Yaqoob, and his brother, Mullah Abdul Manan Omari, into the fold, according to a Taliban official who spoke to the AP on condition of anonymity because he's not authorized to talk to the press.
 

Haqqani then coaxed Zakir Qayyum, a Taliban strongman in the battleground southern Afghan province of Helmand and the former head of the Taliban military committee under Mullah Omar, to swear allegiance to Mansour, healing some of the biggest divisions within the Taliban, the Taliban official said. Fahd Humayun, program and research manager at the Jinnah Institute, a think-tank in the Pakistani capital, who closely follows Taliban developments, also said Haqqani was key to healing the divisions.

The rise of the Haqqanis comes at a critical juncture in relations between Kabul and Islamabad.(20160508)

Jalaluddin Haqqani has at least seven sons:
1. Sirajuddin Haqqani who assumed leadership of the Haqqani network after Jalaluddin Haqqani.
2. Badruddin Haqqani – younger than Sirajuddin. He was an operational commander of the network. He was killed in a US drone strike on 24 August 2012 in North Waziristan.
2. Nasiruddin Haqqani – He was a key financier and emissary of the network. As the son of Jalaluddin's Arab wife, he spoke fluent Arabic and traveled to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates for fundraising. He was killed by unknown assailants in Bhara Kahu, in the eastern part of the Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan, on 11 November 2013.
3. Mohammed Haqqani - Younger than Sirajuddin. He was a military commander of the network, and was killed in a US drone strike on February 18, 2010 in North Waziristan.
4. Omar Haqqani - Younger than Sirajuddin. He was killed leading Haqqani Network fighters during a US military operation in Khost province in July 2008.
5. Aziz Haqqani - Younger than Sirajuddin, and senior member of the network.
6. Anas Haqqani - Senior member of the network. He was arrested on October 15, 2014 by the Afghan forces. Anas Haqqani has been sentenced to death by a primary court of Kabul on Monday, 05. Sep 2016.

Jalaludin Haqqani is fluent in Persian, Arabic, Urdu and his native Pashto language.
 

Background Haqqani Clan:

Sirajuddin Haqqani, the overall leader of the Haqqani Network as well as the leader of the Taliban's Miramshah Regional Military Shura, was designated by the State Department as a terrorist in March 2008; and in March 2009, the State Department put out a bounty of $5 million for information leading to his capture. US intelligence officials said that Siraj is a member of al Qaeda's top council. In April 2010, Siraj said that cooperation between al Qaeda fighters and the Taliban "is at the highest limits."

Nasiruddin Haqqani, one of Siraj's brothers, was placed on the US's terrorist list in July 2010. Nasiruddin is a key financier and "emissary" for the Haqqani Network, and is known to have traveled to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates between 2004-2009 to carry out fundraising for the Haqqani Network, al Qaeda, and the Taliban. Nasiruddin Haqqani, the chief financier of the Taliban-linked Haqqani network militant group has been shot dead by unidentified gunmen in the Pakistani capital, Islamabad. Nasiruddin Haqqani -- the son of Jalaludin Haqqani, the founder of the Haqqani network -- was killed on November 10, 2012 while traveling in a car.

Khalil al Rahman Haqqani, Siraj's uncle, was added to the US's list of terrorists in February 2011. Khalil is a key fundraiser, financier, and operational commander for the Haqqani Network, and has been crucial in aiding and supporting al Qaeda's military, the Lashkar al Zil or Shadow Army.

Badruddin Haqqani, another one of Siraj's brothers, was designated by the State Department on May 11, 2011. Badruddin sits on the Miramshah Shura, is an operational commander of the Haqqani Network, and provides support to al Qaeda and allied terror groups.

Ahmed Jan Wazir and Fazl Rabi were added to the list of designated terrorists in June 2011. Wazir serves as a deputy, advisor, and spokesman for Siraj, has represented the Haqqani Network at the Quetta Shura, and has close ties to al Qaeda's network in Ghazni. Rabi is a key financial official for both the Taliban and the Haqqani Network who has also aided the terror group in executing suicide attacks in Afghanistan and has traveled to the Gulf countries to raise money for Jalaluddin and Siraj.

Mullah Sangeen Zadran, who serves as a senior lieutenant to Siraj and as the Taliban's shadow governor for Paktika province in Afghanistan, was added to the list of designated terrorists on Aug. 16, 2011. US military officials have told The Long War Journal that Sangeen is considered to be one of the most dangerous operational commanders in eastern Afghanistan. Sangeen has organized numerous assaults on US and Afghan combat outposts in the region, and is currently holding Bowe Bergdahl, the only US soldier who has been captured alive in the Afghan theater.

Haji Mali Khan, who has been described by the US military as "one of the highest ranking members of the Haqqani Network and a revered elder of the Haqqani clan," was added on Nov. 1, 2011. Khan was captured by US special operations forces during a raid on Sept. 27 in the Musa Khel district in Afghanistan's eastern province of Khost.

It is said in case of civil war Haqqani will take Paktika. (20120720)

Jalaluddin Haqqani, who is the father of Siraj, Nasiruddin, and Badruddin and also the brother of Khalil, has not been added to the US's list of terrorists, despite his close links to both the Taliban and al Qaeda. Jalaluddin admitted he served on the Taliban's executive council, which is known as the Quetta Shura.

Last Modified 2016-09-05
Established 2011-07-27