Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation
|Name||Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation|
|Date of birth|
|Function/Grade||Background Names Chairman MEC|
|History and Biodata||
Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC)
Head of Monitoring and Evaluation Committee MEC:
Eighteen months after HOOAC was formed, the Office of the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction issued a damning report highlighting the office's flaws. It was understaffed, lacked independence and had insufficient power to pursue cases, the report said. It added that employees lacked the basic skills to do their job.
Deeming the HOOAC a failure, the international community pressed Karzai to set up a corruption commission. Instead, what emerged was the monitoring and evaluation committee (MEC), partly funded by the UK's Department for International Development.
Karzai immediately doomed the MEC by appointing Professor Mohammed Yasin Osmani as its head. He had been the chairman of the HOOAC, which under his tenure had got nowhere. "It was a real kick in the teeth for internationals and signalled Karzai had no intention of going after those who were corrupt," the rule of law official said.
To add insult to injury, Karzai appointed Azizullah Lodin, the former head of the international election committee who had been fired over the 2009 election fraud, as the new head of the HOOAC. Karzai is reluctant to go after corrupt warlords and officials close to him because, having become president without a power base, he has had to cut deals with them to shore up his position.(20110719)
MEC was created in March 2010 by Presidential Decree 61 after the need for independent monitoring and evaluation of anti-corruption efforts was identified at a series of international conferences (London, Kabul). Following the London Conference, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan invited the international community to form a joint Afghan-International monitoring and evaluation committee to provide policy advice and monitor and evaluate progress against specific benchmarks, which was welcomed by the international community gathered at the London Conference.
MEC is supported by a permanent secretariat in Kabul comprised of national and international individuals. The Secretariat is divided into three pillars (Governance, Prevention, and Law Enforcement) consisting of an international expert, a national adviser, and a national officer with technical expertise crossing the three areas provided by a Senior Policy Advisor.
MEC’s operations and strategic framework are primarily based around quarterly Committee visits to Afghanistan. Six MEC missions have been held in Afghanistan since MEC’s inception and MEC members have visited the provinces of Parwan, Herat, and Balkh. MEC members have broad authority to determine the Committee’s quarterly agenda, but these include the following four areas:
1- Issuing recommendations and setting benchmarks;
2- Monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the benchmarks;
3- Policy advisory and advocacy for further progress; and
4- Reviewing effectiveness of international assistance.
According to its terms of reference, MEC is comprised of six senior anti-corruption experts, with three members appointed on the recommendation of the Government of Afghanistan and three on the recommendation of the international community.
Afghan Appointees International Appointees
Mohammad Yasin Osmani Drago Kos (Slovenia)
His Excellency Zakem Shah Eva Joly (France/Norway)
Dr. Yama Torabi Lt Gen. Hasan Mashhud Chowdhury (Bangladesh)
The Chair of the Committee alternates between an Afghanistan and international appointee on a six-month basis. The current Chairperson is Mohammad Yasin Osmani who will chair the Committee until October 2012.
MEC is supported by a technical secretariat in Kabul comprised of national and international individuals who support the work of the Committee; develop procedures for the identification, drafting and monitoring of the MEC benchmarks; and maintain an in-country presence for MEC’s on-going anti-corruption efforts.
The Secretariat is led by an Executive Director and is divided into three pillars (Governance, Prevention, and Law Enforcement) consisting of an international expert, a national advisor, and a national officer. Technical expertise is provided by a Senior Policy Adviser who is responsible for guiding the technical work of the Secretariat’s units and providing technical advice to the Committee. The Secretariat works closely with the parties implicated by the recommendations and benchmarks to ensure that they are implemented.
The Executive Director was appointed in August 2011, and the Secretariat was substantially staffed with international experts and national advisors and officers under the three pillars by May 2012. The practice of appointment of the Secretariat staff is handled through the Executive Director and senior staff is approved by the Committee. There are currently vacancies at the law enforcement and prevention expert level. Recruitment is ongoing and these positions will be filled in the near future.